Do the technologies behind Avatar 2 herald the future of cinema?

HFR, IMAX, PLF… Behind these barbaric terms hides a whole range of technologies that James Cameron’s new blockbuster relies on to take 3D to unprecedented levels. What should Hollywood revolutionize again?

It was better to be patient to find the planet Pandora and the Na’vis: James Cameron will have waited 13 years to reveal the sequelavatarwhich was released on December 14th and is already ranked in the top 20 theatrical releases since 2000 (with 2.7 million tickets sold in its first week of release in France).

Thirteen years is a long time, though The way of the water is a technical gem whose innovations took time to perfect. The stakes are high: 2009 the first avatar had already revolutionized the industry. Development of “performance capture” (sensors attached to actors to reproduce facial expressions), popularization of modern 3D… The film had definitely fueled the transition from dark spaces to digital projection. Except that since then a number of feature films using 3D have disappointed the public and the technology has slowly declined.

Not enough to discourage James Cameron. To give the viewers another slap in the face, avatar 2 sublimated its virtual universe, extremely rich in visual details, with an unprecedented photorealistic rendering. An immersion that will make you put your 3D glasses back on: just like the first time avatarFor “active 3D” (when the cinema lends you the glasses) the suite was designed for maximum depth.

But where The way of the water brings 3D further thanks to “HFR” (“High Frame Rate”). This process consists in increasing the speed of the images on the screen beyond the 24 frames per second that are traditionally passed through in the cinema. So far, experiments in this genre have mainly been criticized (The Hobbit B. by Peter Jackson) because of the “soap opera effect” – the impression of having a TV series in mind, the fluidity is so surprising.

Fluidity, screen, sound… Everything for a more immersive cinematic experience

In order not to push the public too much and to familiarize them with HFR, avatar 2 makes the choice to switch between sequences at 24 frames per second and another 48 frames per second. Result: less judder and more legible movements.

Beyond the HFR, Cameron also designed his film for the “PLF” (“Premium Large Format”): simply put, screens that offer increased height (in the “1.90” format instead of “2.39”, the classic format that there are black stripes when you watch a movie on your TV). The “PLF” mainly affects the huge “IMAX” screens (for “maximum picture”), but also the “Dolby Cinema”: rooms that also allow the projection of films in “HDR” (“High Dynamic Range”), with more contrast and a more accurate color gamut. Note that tooavatar 2 also relies on sound with “Dolby Atmos”, a more immersive audio system.

Whether it’s 3D or the rest, today you have to choose your multiplex carefully if you want to benefit from it and be prepared to pay more for your ticket. The popular carton from shows whether these technologies can prevail in the futureavatar 2 will definitely play a role. In the meantime, Cameron plans to releaseavatar 3 on December 18th, 2024, is already waiting for us in the future.

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