How to reduce your risk of having a stroke

Stroke, something to be afraid of but which can be avoided. Let us already recall what it is. It is a stroke, that is, damage caused by a clot or bleeding in the brain.

Nearly 25% of accidents occur before the age of 65 and the consequences range from minimal changes detected on the scanner to significant disability, such as loss of speech or paralysis of a limb or face.

However, doctors estimate that 80% of strokes could be prevented by controlling certain risk factors and changing one’s lifestyle.

Check your blood pressure, blood sugar and cholesterol levels regularly

What can we do then? Already know his numbers. This is what Professor Pierre Amarenco, neurologist at the Bichat hospital in Paris, president of the “Vaincre l’AVC” foundation and author of “Vaincre l’AVC” (ed.du Rocher) advises. Know your blood pressure, blood sugar, and cholesterol numbers.

These are data that must be kept in mind. It’s his health ID card. ยป It is recommended to check your blood pressure every 5 years when you are young, then once a year from the age of 45. You can do this at your doctor’s, pharmacy, or even at home by buying a self-measurement device.

It is also necessary to carry out a blood test at least every 5 years, more often in the event of a cardiovascular risk factor. High blood pressure, diabetes and high cholesterol are preventable stroke risk factors because they can be corrected.

The protective effect of physical activity

If you stop smoking, tobacco and cannabis, you reduce your risk of stroke by two and five years later we find that of a person who has never touched a cigarette.
Fighting overweight is also important. You can eat anything, but in reasonable quantities so that your waistline does not exceed half your height in centimeters. For example 85 centimeters if you measure 1.70 m. Limiting salt, consuming plenty of fruits and vegetables, eating fish twice a week is protective.

Regular physical activity helps maintain a healthy weight and reduces the risk of stroke by a third. It can be 20 minutes per day on an exercise bike, elliptical or rowing machine or 5 hours of walking per week. You have to spend enough. The activity should cause sweating and lead to even moderate shortness of breath.

Stress is a risk factor for stroke. However, it is not always easy to get rid of it. If you are under professional or personal stress from which you cannot extract yourself, you should not hesitate to seek support. Since April 2022, you have been able to benefit from the “Mon Psy” system which allows the reimbursement of eight psychological support sessions per year.. Concretely, you must consult your doctor who will give you a letter to send to the psychologist.

Know the symptoms that should alert

It is also important to remember that in the slightest doubt, you must call 15 without delay.
Faced with the sudden onset of a symptom, such as a deformation of the mouth; weakness or numbness on one side of the body, arm or leg; difficulty speaking or understanding; problems with balance or walking; loss of vision in one eye; an unusual excruciating headache, call 15 immediately. Acting quickly increases the chances of recovering impaired functions and healing faster.

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