Nuclear: How Morocco has already adopted this technology

Morocco will renew the Technical Cooperation Program with the IAEA for the 2024-2025 cycle. The two parties are also preparing plans to initiate a new Cooperation Framework Program for the period 2024-2029.

Health, nutrition, water, agriculture, industry, environment…, unsuspected areas where Morocco is a forerunner in the use of nuclear technologies. This is of course the peaceful use of nuclear applications and technologies in the service of sustainable development which should very probably also be extended to the production of clean electricity. This ambitious project certainly dates back to the early 1980s, but it is making a strong comeback. It is even a dimension of the Moroccan approach to transition towards the production and consumption of clean and sustainable energy. Approach which consists, among other things, in the development of partnerships in the fields of the peaceful uses of atomic energy. While waiting for Morocco to join the closed club of nuclear electricity producers, Morocco has already familiarized itself with these techniques in various fields. And these are not the examples that are lacking. Thus, in the field of agriculture, and in the context of the fight against insect pests, Morocco welcomes the construction of the mass rearing facility for fruit flies in Agadir, which was completed thanks to the aid provided by the Agency within the framework of TC project MOR5038 (Strengthening the use of the sterile insect technique “TIS”).

On the medical level, Morocco appreciates, at its fair value, the nuclear technology used to diagnose, manage and treat cancer. In this regard, Morocco supports the IAEA’s “Rayons of Hope” initiative, launched by the Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), on February 4, 2022, on the occasion of the celebration of World Cancer Day and on the eve of the African Union Summit, which took place in Addis Ababa, on February 5 and 6, 2022.

This initiative will make 60 years of Agency experience in radiological medicine available to Member States.

In the academic field, during the decade 2009-2019, Morocco was classified according to the IAEA as the first country on the scale of Africa in terms of contribution to South-South and triangular cooperation, putting 319 expert and lecturer missions are available to African countries, involving 1,174 Africans in courses in Morocco and welcoming 636 fellows or scientific visitors.

In this dynamic, Morocco and the IAEA have entered into a triangular partnership with the launch in September 2020 of a Master’s degree which will allow French-speaking African students to benefit from training in radiation protection.

Similarly, Morocco welcomes the establishment of an international Masters, the first Masters of its kind in Africa, in nutrition with nuclear and isotopic techniques for 2022, to train African specialists in the field of nutritional sciences with the techniques nuclear and isotopic.

Furthermore, Morocco, which has made the African continent a strategic priority for its action within the IAEA, reiterates its commitment to continue to share, in a triangular or bilateral framework, its experience with African countries to promote scientific research. and the use of nuclear applications, science and technology for peaceful purposes.

Note that Morocco is preparing to renew the Technical Cooperation Program with the IAEA for the 2024-2025 cycle. The two parties are also preparing plans to initiate a new Cooperation Framework Program for the period 2024-2029.

The IAEA’s cooperation program with Morocco in the various fields of activity is, it should be noted, supervised by the Moroccan Agency for Nuclear and Radiological Safety and Security (AMSSNuR).

Indeed, the AMSSNuR has benefited from the assistance of the IAEA through projects relating to the strengthening of the national radiological safety and security infrastructure (2018-2019), the strengthening of the capacities of the radiation safety and environmental monitoring regulations (2020-2021) and the strengthening of the national nuclear and radiation safety infrastructure (2022-2023).

The main objective of these projects is to help Morocco further strengthen the national nuclear and radiological safety and security infrastructure, covering the following areas: human resources, regulatory functions for nuclear and radiological safety and security, safety and security culture, capacity building in radiological safety, radioactive waste management and emergency preparedness and response, technical support and scientific expertise organizations and support for cooperation regional and international.

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