Plug-in hybrid technology may be relevant with systematic daily charging | Environment

L’ADEME publishes in October 2022 its opinion on electric cars and charging stations.

It emerges from this opinion positions that will not fail to react.

ADEME observes that “ Currently, the industrial supply of electric vehicles meets everyday needs but does not satisfactorily meet the needs of long trips. To meet high range needs, plug-in hybrid technology may be relevant on a transitional basis, provided that all journeys below the vehicle’s electric range are actually made in “pure electric” mode, which requires a practice of systematic daily recharge. »

ADEME poses the problem as follows.

ADEME estimates that the electric vehicle is suitable for daily use of the home-work type.

With regard to uses resulting in long trips (such as cross-traffic linked to periods of leave and rental of holiday residences), ADEME considers that the electric vehicle / charging station offer is not yet developed.

For long distances, other solutions should be studied by ADEME, such as increased use of the train or electric vehicles with range extender (i.e. range extender type).

In the short term, to meet any needs for high autonomy, and temporarily pending the deployment of long-distance mobility offers, ADEME considers that plug-in hybrid technology can be relevant in terms of ecological transition. This relevance is conditioned, for ADEME, by the fact that all journeys less than the electric range of the plug-in vehicle are actually made in pure electric mode, which involves daily recharging of the battery.

ADEME notes that this autonomy is generally greater than 50 kilometers and makes it possible to ensure a significant proportion of daily journeys in “all-electric” mode. ADEME observes, however, that the plug-in hybrid vehicle market has mainly oriented itself towards heavy and bulky models, making them highly emitters of CO2 in hybrid mode (when their battery is discharged), and incompatible with the principle of optimization of energy consumption.

This technology, which still emits greenhouse gases, will be banned from sale by 2035 or 2040 (depending on the trade-offs around “fit for 55”).

Source : ADEME Opinion on electric cars and charging stations October 2022

ADEME Opinion on electric cars and charging stations October 2022

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