TRUE OR FALSE. Is high blood pressure a disease without symptoms or pain?

the essential
Also called “silent killer”, high blood pressure affects nearly 10 million people in France. Without symptoms or pain, it must be detected and taken care of to reduce cardiovascular accidents, kidney failure or even dementia. The Toulouse University Hospital is organizing a screening day at the Rangueil hospital this Thursday, September 22.

“Most of the time arterial hypertension does not manifest itself through any symptoms, it is called the silent killer”, declares Pr Béatrice Duly-Bouhanick of the arterial hypertension and therapeutic department of the Toulouse University Hospital, which organizes a screening day (anonymous and free) in the reception hall of the Rangueil hospital this Thursday, September 22 from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.. The meeting is part of an international public health operation. In France, it is estimated that more than 10 million people are affected.

“Arterial hypertension is defined by a measurement. Generally, a blood pressure measured above 14 for the maximum pressure and above 9 for the minimum pressure should alert and must be confirmed by other measurements, at home of the patient by following certain rules. High blood pressure is a disease that does not hurt and can be discovered by accident. It is dangerous because in the long term it can cause a cerebrovascular accident (CVA), a infarction, heart or kidney failure. It is also known to promote dementia”.

Salt, contraception, antidepressants: beware

“The treatment of arterial hypertension begins with lifestyle and dietary measures and, first of all, the restriction of salt intake; however, 50% of patients do not follow the objectives. Regular physical activity and adapted is beneficial, once the blood pressure has been controlled. It is also necessary to monitor whether there are resistance factors: certain drugs can give rise to hypertension, such as estrogen-progestogen contraception in young women and, in all world, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, certain antidepressants. Finally, there are several classes of drugs, which must be taken because we are dealing with a chronic disease; however, 50% of patients do not take their treatment or take it badly”, concludes Professor Béatrice Duly-Bouhanick.

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