What is a dynamic NFT and what is it for?

Dynamic non-fungible tokens (dNFTs) offer a high level of customization and can evolve over time based on specific events. What are the possible use cases and are they more interesting than static NFTs?

First off, what is a static NFT?

First of all, it is necessary to briefly discuss static non-fungible tokens (NFTs). These are non-fungible tokens cannot be changed once issued. Once a static NFT is minted, its metadata is frozen on the blockchain.

They are the most widely used NFTs to date and are mainly used for artistic projects, blockchain games or other projects that do not plan to interact with third-party data.

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What is a dynamic NFT?

Dynamic NFTs (dNFTs) are a special type of non-fungible token that can evolve over time. They can be programmed to evolve, interact with other NFTs or external data sources.

There are many uses for dynamic NFTs, and their possibilities are only limited by the imaginations of their creators. Here are some examples of possible applications of dNFTs.

digital art

A digital work of art that changes its appearance depending on the time of day or the weather. For example, such a dynamic NFT could be a digital painting that displays different colors or patterns depending on the temperature or humidity in a given location.

video games

Dynamic NFTs could represent Objects in games or metaverses that evolve or change over time based on player actions or interactions. For example, a dynamic NFT may represent a rare item in a game that becomes more powerful or valuable as the player progresses through the game. It can also represent a virtual character and all of their gear and attributes and gear, which evolve according to the player’s actions.

Dynamic NFTs

Figure 1: A dynamic NFT can evolve to reflect player progress

audiovisual

The NFTs represent Music or video content may be updated with new versions or fixes. For example, a dynamic NFT could represent a music album that automatically adds new tracks as they are released, or a video series that adds new episodes over time.

digital real estate

Virtual real estate whose value changes based on the performance of the underlying asset. For example, a dynamic NFT could represent a virtual property that increases in value based on the popularity of a particular location or its neighbors.

dNFT real estate

Figure 2: The metadata of a dNFT representing a property may change to reflect previous sales, works, etc.

The representation of real objects

The NFTs represent Physical objects such as works of art or collectibles can change their appearance due to events or external triggerss. For example, a dynamic NFT that would represent a painting that would be restored in the real world could evolve as the work progressed.

The importance of oracles for dynamic NFTs

Oracles are third-party data structures that feed smart contracts on a blockchain with external data. Therefore, they can be used to connect smart contracts to real events, but also to other blockchains.

With it, dynamic NFTs use oracles to integrate external data and interact with the real world in various ways. For example, in order for a dynamic NFT to evolve according to meteorological data from a precise location, it must use an oracle.

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Are dynamic NFTs more interesting than static NFTs?

Dynamic and static NFTs have their own advantages and disadvantages. Therefore, for creators, the best choice depends on their needs and preferences.

Dynamic NFTs offer more interactive and creative possibilities. This can add an extra level of engagement and make them appear more “alive”. However, dynamic NFTs can also be more complex and require more maintenance or programming from their creator as they need to be updated and monitored to ensure they are working properly.

Static NFTs, on the other hand, are easier for creators to set up. They’re more stable and predictable, and this feature might be more appealing to some. Furthermore, not all NFT projects necessarily require the use of dynamic componentswhich are more complex to develop and require high levels of blockchain programming knowledge.

When the creator ultimately has to choose between dynamic and static NFTs, This mostly depends on personal preference and the specific use case being envisaged. Both types of NFT have their own strengths and can be useful in different situations.

Conclusion on dynamic NFTs

General, Dynamic NFTs offer creators and collectors of digital goods a high level of interactivity and creativityand they have the potential to revolutionize the way we think about property and value in the digital world.

Dynamic NFTs are still in their infancy and the turnkey solutions provided to the developers are not yet fully developed. This dynamic aspect is crucial for the development of NFTs and offers a very high degree of customization.

However, dynamic NFTs will not replace static NFTs. The two types of non-fungible tokens are designed to coexist, each fulfilling specific requirements.

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